How To Secure Your Load On A Dry Van Trailer?

Dry Van Trailer

A Dry Van Trailer is an enclosed box designed to transport a variety and a large amount of freight safely and securely. It can haul up to 45000 lbs of cargo, making the dry van industry a standard for moving non-perishable goods on local and over-the-road lanes.

What Is The Use Of Dry Van Trailers?

The dry freight Van Trailers have been used for local and international shipping. The distances also vary according to the cargo that has to be delivered. Their versatility and enclosed nature have made them popular among various freight forwarding associations.

Since they are enclosed, they can withstand harsh weather conditions without compromising the quality and security of the freight. The transportation includes non-perishable items, food and beverages, construction materials and materials from the textile industries. 

How To Safely Load The Dry Van Trailers?

One of the essential aspects of dealing with dry van trailers is to secure the load onto them safely. Securing a load properly onto a dry van trailer is of utmost importance as this will ensure that the freight and people are safe for the long hauls. Following proper safety protocols and rules ensures that the freight reaches its destination without possible accidents. 

Distribution Of Dry Van Weight:

One has to keep in mind the following points when loading freight:

  • Weight must be appropriately distributed in the dry van trailer. 
  • Once proper weight distribution is ensured, it certainly will reduce the risk of freight being damaged and the wear and tear of the van as well. 
  • Proper loading equipment should be used to load the freight onto the truck. A forklift or hand truck can be used for this purpose. 
  • It is essential to keep in mind the van 43% of the weight is held by two axles under the truck, and the remaining 14% has to be distributed between the front axle that supports the cab and engine.
  • It is recommended to load your van from the front and gradually move towards the back. 

It is essential to clean the dry van trailer before loading any freight. You should always inspect the vehicle for any holes or damage and remove any sharp objects that might be present and can cause damage to the cargo. 


  • When loading, it must be ensured that cargo is secured and safe.
  • Ensure the weight of the freight is distributed evenly, and you should avoid overloading. 
  • You should ensure that the trailer is not top-heavy or side heavy.
  • Load orders according to the delivery time, i.e. the first order that has to be delivered should be loaded last
  • Proper loading equipment has to be used to prevent any damage to freight or people involved
  • Lightweight items should be packed on top of the heavy freight.

Weight Transfer Restrictions:

Numerous things can lower the weight between different truck axles on a truck. A few of them have been mentioned here:

  • According to the Bridge Law Formula, the top weight that can be carried on any axles should depend on the number of axles and the spacing.
  • The allowed length between the trailer kingpin and the tandems determines how far you can move your couples.
  • Your tire load rating will impact the highest amount of weight you can carry per tire.
  • The suspension system load rating also affects how much weight you can bring per axle.


As a driver of the Dry Van Trailer, it is essential to follow all the safety precautions and rules before a long haul. Only this can ensure the safe and efficient delivery of the cargo and the safety of the driver.

Also Read: 5 Easy Practices For Transportation Optimization

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